A critical aspect of the CERN QTI activities is establishing collaborations with existing and future quantum initiatives of CERN Member States and HEP experiments members. The broad sharing and exploitation of the knowledge produced with academia and industry through publications, joint development activities, or technology licensing are also strategic to the success of the Initiative. This is not only important within the R&D programmes but also in terms of sustainable impact beyond the HEP domain — in industrial and societal activities.

Initial discussions and pilot collaborations on R&D into quantum technologies have already been established with academia and industry in the CERN Member States and other HEP experiments members. These investigations can be used as a starting point for further development.

Current examples include:

  • Collaboration on Quantum computing and artificial intelligence for earth observation and scenario forecasting with the European Space Agency (ESA).
  • Evaluation of the quality of quantum random generator for Monte Carlo simulation with Cambridge Quantum Computing in the United Kingdom and the Oviedo University in Spain.
  • Development of Quantum Generative Models with Aachen University and DESY in Germany and Cambridge Quantum Computing in the United Kingdom.
  • Design of distributed quantum computing simulation platforms with INFN-CNAF in Italy.
  • Collaboration to create a Centre for Quantum Algorithm Studies and Applications with the University of Padova in Italy.
  • Development of a Quantum Graph Neural Networks for particle tracking with the Middle Eastern Technical University in Turkey and GluoNNet in Switzerland.
  • Hosting of quantum communication router and use cases for the openQKD projects with the University of Geneva and Idée Quantique in Switzerland.
  • MECHANICS, a project proposal on Quantum Machine Learning and Quantum Computing as a Service for the EC ICT40 call with FZ Juelich and T-Systems in Germany, Nokia in Finland, OROBIX and Istituto Mario Negri in Italy.
  • Q-POWER, a project proposal on Quantum Technologies Citizen Science activities with Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft in Germany and Aarhus University in Denmark.
  • Support and advisory participation in US National Labs proposals in the context of the US Quantum National Initiative (Oak Ridge, Fermilab)
  • Development of Quantum Support Vector Machines for signal/background classification (IBM, University of Wisconsin - ATLAS, Tokyo University, IHEP).
  • Quantum implementation of single-layer perceptron and benchmarking of the Intel Quantum Simulator.

Some of the countries CERN has pilot collaborations with — in the field of quantum technologies — are represented below:

The CERN QTI — in direct collaboration with existing CERN structures, such as the Knowledge Transfer GroupCERN openlab, or IdeaSquare —will build and share knowledge primarily via two mechanisms:

  1. The creation of a rich network of collaborations within and outside the HEP community by taking part in international initiatives and networks in the CERN Member States and initiatives run by institutes collaborating in HEP experiments. Areas of joint R&D and technology exploitation will also be identified outside the HEP community, in fields where quantum technologies show potential for innovative applications, such as biology, transportation, logistics, finance or engineering of quantum systems. Awareness of CERN’s specific expertise and technological capabilities will be created via the publication of value proposition documents adapted to different audiences. Whenever appropriate, “discovery days” will be organised to identify potential areas of collaboration and exploitation of CERN technologies beyond the HEP domain into industrial and societal applications.
  2. The maximisation of dissemination and adoption of its research outcomes by the publication of research outcomes through scientific journals, but also specialised media outlets, or social media channels. Any commercially exploitable result will be subject to appropriate IPRs, protection mechanisms (e.g. publication or patenting) and open or dual-licensing frameworks. Whenever relevant, unique skills are available at CERN in quantum technologies, training events, consultancy agreements will be assessed and implemented. Support will also be provided for potential spin-off creation through the existing CERN business-incubation network.